Although it’s generally advisable to write an introduction at the end, draft it at the beginning to have a clear idea of what you’re going to discuss. There are certain parts of the introduction that are essential and integral. Make sure that you include the following elements into the opening part of your dissertation.
- The hook.
Involve the reader into your paper by starting with an interesting statement. It can be significant background information on the issue that you’re going to focus on, solve, or debate.
- The purpose of the paper.
Explain why you undertook the study. You’re not supposed to raise particular questions in this part, just give the general outline of your goals.
- Previous research.
Refer to the scientists who conducted research in the same area. This way you’ll make clear to the reader the basis of your paper and show that your work is the necessary continuation of the previous research.
Familiarize the reader with your way of dealing with the research problem. Focus on the current issues from which you proceeded deciding upon the methodology.
Give the logical enumeration of the aims you wanted to achieve at the end of your research. They should be presented in the connection with the purpose and approach.
- Thesis statement.
This is the most important sentence of the opening part. It’s a starting point for your argument or analysis. Generally, a thesis is the assertion of your position or intention that raises questions and calls for debate. Also it should clearly identify the direction of the paper.
You should demonstrate the scope of your work by giving background information pertaining to the research subject and indicate the place of your dissertation within the existing paradigm. In other words, explain what you will and will not discuss further in the paper.
Draw a line between the old findings and the groundbreaking results of your research. Show your confidence in their significance for the current study in your field. It’s an indication of a good dissertation if you can show how its findings will contribute to the theoretical understanding of the problem.
Although scientific papers tend to be impersonal and formal, it’s possible to tell openly what pushed you to the research and why you became so interested in the topic.
Outline the rest of the paper in the last part of the introduction. Write what each chapter will discuss.
The dissertation introduction is a separate chapter, so break up it into segments by using subheadings.